In the May 1986 issue of Arabian Horse World, Dr. Ibrahim Zaghloul, the director of the Egyptian Agricultural Organization in Cairo, authored an article, to finally answer a much-asked question as to which mare, living or dead has had the strongest influence at the EAO. Dr. Zaghloul’s background as a rider of horses, sharpened his eye and his appreciation for well-conformed and functional horses, with excellent movement. He picked five mares: Moniet el Nefous who had produced 14 foals before she died in 1976, Kamar, who produced 13 foals before she died, also in 1976, Safinaz, who had already produced 8 foals through 1986, Hebah, who had produced 7 foals through 1985 and finally, Adaweya who had produced 8 foals through 1984.
"Adaweya (Antar x Abla) is a very noble grey mare who was foaled in March 24, 1970, and traces to the Farida line. Adaweya has beautiful conformation, including a level topline, pretty head, and refined bone. From Abla, she inherited that unmistakably classic elegance and exquisite type associated with the Egyptian Arabian, as well as a deep shoulder and high set neck. Her foals are in turn the embodiment of these characteristics."-Dr. Ibrahim ZaghloulJudi Parks has visited Egypt numerous times and she was one of the lucky ones, as she saw Adaweya, when she was alive, as well as many of her progeny. I asked Judi what she thought of the mare and she said,
“I thought she was one of their better mares, right up there as far as type and quality. Dr. Zaghloul thought she was one of the best of the broodmares at the EAO at that time. Of course this is only one man’s opinion but I think Dr. Zaghloul knew a good mare when he saw one.”Who was this mare Adaweya and why is she so important? While I understand with my eyes that she was beautiful and I understand with my mind that she was an influential mare; I don’t really understand why this mare has become so important for me...so important in my life.
"It doesn't matter how long we may have been stuck in a sense of our limitations. If we go into a darkened room and turn on the light, it doesn't matter if the room has been dark for a day, a week, or ten thousand years - we turn on the light and it is illuminated. Once we control our capacity for love and happiness, the light has been turned on."-Sharon SalzbergAfter the great American importations from the EAO, primarily throughout the 60's, 70's and early 80's, a rumor was generated with regard to the remaining quality of horses left at the EAO. Americans whispered to one another that all the best horses had foolishly been sold and that the EAO did not have the necessary quality to produce as good a horse, as they had sold to the Americans. People like me, started to believe this rumour. I was fooled by what I later learned was an unfair and selfish statement, having more to do with generating interest for the programs of those who spent their dollars in Egypt and insuring a substantial return on their investment. A mare like Adaweya and the legacy that she created in Egypt proves the inaccuracy of such a statement. Egypt still has and continues to breed great horses!
Initially, when I studied the stallion Antar, I noticed right away that he sired a higher percentage of daughters than sons. When I reviewed the list of names, I realized that he hadn't sired only one or two premium daughters; there were many elite mares who claimed Antar as their sire. I also became aware that there were particular mares who nicked better with Antar than others. I started to focus on these special mares like Shahrzada, Farasha, Kamar and Abla who produced amazingly, when bred to Anter. In particular, the mare Abla is a horse breeder's dream, producing one phenomenal daughter after another. Maybe it had to do with the fact that Abla was a Dahmah Shahwaniyah, the classic strain and the strain which consistently produces the type of horse that many people are attracted to. Maybe, it has less to do with the Dahmans and more to do with a dam of distinction like Farida, whose influential qualities are passed from generation-to-generation. The influence of Farida creates a smoother-built horse, with a strong topline, a deep hip, powerful shoulders and a higher set neck, making a substantial horse, incredibly elegant. This body was the body I saw on Abla. Regardless of why, once I learned about Antar, Abla and Adaweya, I understood Susan Salzberg's quotation a little better. Dr. Zaghloul's words in Arabian Horse World, as the director, the official spokesman for the EAO and the man who knew the horses best, confirmed the accuracy of the truth and for me, ushered the rediscovery of a most spectacular and amazing family of horses. The EAO still breeds great horses, with much influence.
Adaweya...Even her name sounds like music to my ears. In the Cairo suburb called Maadi, stands Al-Adaweya, the Virgin's Church "of the ferry". When Joseph and Mary, with the infant Jesus, escaped into Egypt to protect Jesus from the jealous rage of King Herod, they made their way to Maadi, which in the days of the Pharoahs, was an outlying port city of Memphis, then, the capital of Egypt. Traveling south, they boarded a sailboat in Maadi, which carried them up the Nile river and further away from the clutches of Herod. To honor Mary, a church was built in this spot. In March of 1976, a great miracle happened outside the church. A Holy Bible, of unknown origin was carried by the waters of the Nile to the same stone steps that people believe Mary once used to reach the sailboat, so long ago. When the Bible was found, the book was opened to Isaiah and to the following passage,
“Blessed be Egypt my people.”-Isaiah 19:25The Bible now sits behind glass, in the sanctuary of the church, for all to see. Adaweya, what a beautiful name. The EAO still breeds beautiful horses. May God be forever praised!
Abla, a Nazeer daughter out of the Bint Farida daughter, Helwa, when bred to Antar produced elegant daughters like Nagat, Ein, Somaia, Rashika and Eman, who in turn produced significant horses for Egyptian breeding worldwide. As beautiful as Abla was, in many ways, these daughters were better than she was. However, in 1970, I believe she foaled her masterpiece, the grey mare, Adaweya, who was retained by the EAO for their breeding program. Adaweya eventually produced 10 foals: 5 mares and 5 colts.
(1) Ikbal (Seef)
(2) Enayah (Nawaf)
(3) Bint Adaweya (Akhtal)
(4) Adalat (Ameer)
(5) Onwah (Ameer)
(1) Ibn Adaweya (Akhtal)
(2) Adawy (Ihkhnatoon)
(3) Mohab (Ikhnatoon)
(4) Omayr (Ameer)
(5) Fouad (Shamsan)
Her Seef daughter, Ikbal, was sold to J.G. Ratcliff in England, producing Arabian race horses in this country. Ikbal’s daughter by the Bint Om el Saad son, Kais I, named *Ikaria, was imported as a yearling, into the United States by the late Leonor Romney of Somerset Farms in 1979, who bred the following horses:
(1) Misri(Al Fahir) 1983 grey mare
(2) Naakhar (Gamal Al Arab) 1985 chestnut Gelding
She then sold *Ikaria to Manuel Sisneros and Pete Duran. *Ikaria produced for them the following offspring:
(1) M S Jamala(Hisan Hadid)1988 bay mare
(2) Hisan Nadir (Hisan Hadid) 1989 grey Gelding
In 1988, *Ikaria was sold to Susan Johns and she produced the following progeny:
(1) SDA Al Ahad(Black Hafiza)1990 black stallion
(2) SDA Nasran(Black Hafiza)1991 black stallion
(3) Black Kais by Black Hafiza 1992 black Gelding
(4) SDA Kariq Asham by Black Hafiza 93 black Gelding
(5) SDA Al Asham(Black Hafiza) 1994 black stallion
(6) Hu Karia(Black Hafiza)1995 black mare
In 1994, *Ikaria was sold to Hughes Arabians, a black Arabian Horse breeding farm in Hubbard, Ohio and she produced for them the following daughters:
(1) Hu Karhalima(Ruala Kaleef)1996 black mare
(2) Hu Mon Kari(Imaann x *Ikaria)1997 chestnut mare
*Ikaria's full brother, Al Aswad, a 1981 black stallion was imported into Germany. He sired the 1991 black mare Al Iskandria, out of the Gharib daughter, EH Ghasira.
*Bint Adaweya was sold by the EAO as a yearling to Donald Ford of Lancer Arabians in 1978 and was imported to the Lancer Farm in Reddick, Florida. Two years later, in October 1980, Donald Ford held a landmark sale, Lancer's Night of Nights, Sale of Sales, dispersing all of his Egyptian horses, including the stallion *Asadd+++, who sold for $1,525,000. The Fords earned six million dollars for all the horses, with the sale average approximately $200,000 per horse. *Bint Adaweya was sold to a group of people named Harper-Reich, out of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania for $84,000. It gets a little difficult to track what happened to *Bint Adaweya, after she was sold by Lancer Arabians. Who exactly owned her and what were their plans for this young mare? In the May 1983 issue of Arabian Horse World, John Blincoe of American Farms advertised his stock list and *Bint Adaweya appears on this list, in foal to *Asadd+++. However, it does not appear that she ever produced a foal by *Asadd+++. Her 1981 foal, a colt by the stallion *Nagid also appears on this list. Eventually, this colt, named Amer Nagid, was gelded. In 1983, *Bint Adaweya was purchased by Bentwood Farm. I asked Lisa Lacy if she remembered *Bint Adaweya,
"Bint Adaweya was, in my opinion, a very correct mare. She was refined and pretty, but maintained much of the strength of body, or substance, that Antar gave to his daughters. I remember her having pretty foals by Moniet el Sharaf."The cross with Moniet el Sharaf (*Ibn Moniet el Nefous x Bint Bint Moniet) enabled the family, through the cross with the stallion Akhtal, to establish itself in America, as *Bint Adaweya produced two daughters and a son: the bay mare Adasharaf; unfortunately with no recorded progeny, the black mare Tanye Rama and the bay stallion Talit Sharaf. Tanye Rama seems to have been the mare that everyone wanted and fought over. She was owned by Norm Sonju, the man who managed the Dallas Mavericks, then she was sold to Paolo Gucci and finally, she went to Vera Stoessel, who also owns one of my favorite horses ever, Ansata Sinan. Tanye Rama appears to have been the most prolific producer for this family, having produced 4 stallions and 1 mare:
(1) G Rama Noir (Dal Noir) 1990 Black Stallion
(2) G Tantalise (AK Sirhalima) 1991 Chestnut Stallion
(3) Milhanger Ptolemy (AK Sirhalima) 1993 Black Stallion
(4) VA Tosca Bint Sinan (Ansata Sinan) 1998 Grey Mare
(5) VA Prince Amir (VA Farouk Ibn Sinan) 2002 Bay Stallion
In 1987, at the age of 10 years, *Bint Adaweya died and with her death, the opportunity also died to incorporate a daughter from one of the most influential families in Egyptian breeding, furthering the impact that Adaweya could have had within our American Egyptian bloodlines. Don Ford never really got a chance to breed this mare. I always wonder what the outcome for this particular mare would have been, if Don Ford had not gotten sick and decided to disperse his wonderful horses? How many more horses would she have produced? Given a better chance, would she have produced equal to the quality of horse that the rest of her siblings produced in Egypt? What if she had been bred to a wider variety of Egyptian stallions? I mourn her death and I also mourn the loss, for all of us. Like in the opening paragraph of this Adaweya story, *Bint Adaweya provides a very vivid lesson, emphasizing the importance of preservation breeding and the fragility of a moment, a passing opportunity, which if not seized, quickly passes and any chance to make a difference and to continue the impact of an influential family, via different sources, evaporates, never to come again. How many other key bloodlines have tragically met the same fate as *Bint Adaweya?
The Adaweya daughter by the Kuhaylan Rodan son of Amrulla, Nawaf, named Enayah, pictured above, became a top producer for the EAO.
“Adaweya produced the grey filly Enayah, a mare of exceptional quality and motion. Enayah has produced 5 foals for the EAO; including Iman (by Mourad), who produced her first foal in 1985. Both Adaweya and her daughter Enayah were bred to Ikhnatoon (*Farazdac x Bint Om el Saad) for their 1982 foals, Adawy and Adl respectively, both of which are considered superior foals of high quality.”-Dr.Ibrahim ZaghloulDuring this period of time, Ikhnatoon was the premier sire for the EAO. The cross of Ikhantoon with Adaweya and her daughter, Enayah, proved to be a wise cross that was well-liked, producing the type of horse that the EAO preferred. In addition to Adawy who is pictured above, Adaweya also produced the grey stallion Mohab, by Ikhnatoon, who is pictured below. What is interesting about the Adaweya sons, with the exception of Ibn Adaweya, is that they sired a higher percentage of daughters, as compared to sons. For example, the stallion Adawy sired 14 foals, of which 10 were fillies. Mohab sired 10 foals, 5 of which were fillies. Understanding Antar's strength as a sire, for the production of daughters who become influential broodmares, are Adaweya's sons furthering the influence of Antar, by siring with very similar results? It is a question which forms in my mind, regarding the sons of this family and of the greater impact they will have, through the daughters they sired, as opposed to the sons?In addition to Iman, Enayah also produced by Ikhnatoon the following horses: Enayat Allah, Ebada, Adl and *Nageia. In 1986, the EAO sales list included the 2 year old mare, *Nageia. This mare is a full sister to the stallion Adl, who became an important sire for the EAO. Adl is pictured below. Her full sister, Enayat Allah, would eventually be imported to the United States by Dr. M. E. Nasr of Antioch, Illinois. She was bred to the Nabiel son, Khaill, to produce a son in 1989 named SF Esmat. I don't know what happened to Enayat Allah or SF Esmat, as they seem to have disappeared, leaving no trace of them. Adl, as a breeding stallion was very much like his uncles, Adawy, Mohab and Omayr, siring 65 foals, of which 44, were fillies. I find this fact remarkable and more proof that this particular family has a very strong and significant female influence. One of my favorite horses which Adl sired was the mare Zaghroudat Albadeia, out of the Kayed daughter, Kamar Albadeia. When Zaghroudat was bred to the Imperial Madori son, Gaafar Albadeia, she produced the wonderful champion show mare for Al Badeia, Isaad Albadeia. A National Champion Mare of Egypt, Isaad eventually was shown at the Salon du Cheval in 2003, where she was named a Top 10 World Champion Mare.
*Nageia was purchased by Mourad El Cassabgui, who also purchased the stallion, Shemees. Mourad El Cassabgui imported *Nageia to the United States, to Dallas, Texas. His son-in-law, Nabil Hallak had met Judi Forbis during this period of time and like many people, became impressed with the success of the Ansata breeding program and the most wonderful horses Ansata was producing. This was the time period of the great Ansata Halim Shah and the Ansata horse became a model for him of classic type. Nabil desired to create a program which produced similar results as Ansata's program, using the horses that his father-in-law had purchased, crossed with the Ansata stallions. *Nageia was bred to Ansata Halim Shah, to produce El Mourad in 1989 and El Sherine in 1990. In 1992, bred to Shemees, *Nageia produced El Cassabgui. Judi Forbis leased *Nageia for the 1996 breeding season and she foaled Ansata Najiba, by Ansata Hejazi. *Nageia was then sold to Al Abbasiyah, in foal to Ansata Hejazi and she produces the mare, Nehmedoh in 1997, who was eventually sold to Panama. In 2000, *Nageia produced Nazeef, an Ahsen el Serag son, who was sold to American endurance rider, Joan Eastman Woods. *Nageia was eventually sold by Al Abbasiyah to a breeder in Belgium, with the hope that she would be bred to the new EAO imports in Europe.
Adalat, Adaweya’s 1983 daughter by Ameer was a beautiful mare and a phenomenal producer. Bred to a variety of stallions, including her half brothers, Mohab and Adl, Adalat produced 10 foals, 8 mares and 2 stallions:
(1) Addolah, 1987 chestnut mare by Adl
(2) Adelah, 1990 grey mare by Mohab
(3) Agayeb, 1991 chestnut mare by El Helaly
(4) Mouwafaka, 1992 chestnut mare by Mourad
(5) Magdoleen, 1994 chestnut mare by Adl
(6) Anan, 1995 chestnut mare by Rashdan
(7) Olwy, 1997 grey stallion by Hoor
(8) Dalloua, 1998 grey mare by Harras
(9) Maazouzah, 1999 chestnut mare by Gad Allah
(10) Awad Allah, 2001 grey stallion by Gad Allah
Pictured above is Adalat's beautiful 1998 daughter, Dalloua, by the stallion, Harras. I am amazed over the strength of her body, most noticeably the connection of the hindquarter, croup, hip and topline. Her neck is set higher, it is longer and her chest is wide, framed on each side by a really nice shoulder. That's Farida. That's her influence, still, after many generations. Dalloua is owned by HRH Saud bin Sultan bin Saud Al-Saud and lives at his farm, Al Mamlkah. Everyone loved Adalat and she was a great favorite at the EAO, admired by visitors and the staff. The EAO was so enamored of Adalat, that they repeated the breeding 2 more times, in the hope of producing another Adalat. However, they soon learned, there is only one blessing named Adalat. The additional crosses with Ameer produced a mare named Onwah in 1984 and the chestnut stallion pictured below, Omayr, foaled in 1987. Omayr, like his brothers, Adawy and Mohab, sired a higher percentage of daughters than sons. Of the 20 foals, 15 were fillies. I find it interesting how a person can be attracted to a certain type of horse. It's like a circle, which revolves around and around. In May, I wrote about a young stallion, Sinoan Tamin el Aswad, whom I called "Azabache" because of his deep jet black color. Omayr when bred to the El Araby grand-daughter, Berihan, sired Baraem. This mare, Baraem, when bred to Imperial Maashar, produced the mare, Habba Saouda, the dam of Sinoan Tamin el Aswad.The mare Onwah is especially interesting, as she was a producer of stallions. As a matter of fact, the two times that she was bred to the stallion Farag Allah, an Akhtal son out of an Ibn Shahrzada daughter, Onwah produced her only daughters: the chestnut mare Zamah in 1991 and Bint Onwah in 1992. In 1994, Onwah produced Allamah, a bay colt by the *Ibn Hafiza son, Zahi, out of Bint Bukra. In 1995, Onwah produced Olwan, a chestnut son of Abboudah, an Akhtal grandson. In 1996, Onwah produced her last son, Shahm II, by Sonbol, a Safinaz son.
Ibn Adaweya, a chestnut stallion foaled in 1980, was originally named Lokman, however, his name was changed, to honor his mother. He was a full brother to *Bint Adaweya. He was purchased in partnership by Wegdan El Barbary of Shams El Asil and Khaled ben Laden of the Rabab Stud. Judi and Al Parks met Ibn Adaweya, during a visit with Dani, at Shams El Asil in Cairo. Judi was sitting down, sipping tea, when this incredible chestnut stallion was brought out for her. He was absolutely stunning and took her breath away. Ibn Adaweya remains as Judi’s personal favorite, of all of Adaweya's progeny.
“I loved this horse. Again, he was not ‘exotic’ but there was such a quality about him that just screamed desert Arabian. He was very refined with the finest hair and skin and the most expressive face. I wanted to take him home but he was not for sale at any price.”Ibn Adaweya sired a bit differently from his brothers, Adawy, Mohab and Omayr, producing a higher percentage of sons, than daughters. Of the 14 horses I know, 9 were sons. With the exception of 2 sons, all of Ibn Adaweya's sons have sired progeny, insuring the survival of this family, from the sire line. SEA Seed El Melah, a 1986 stallion, was out of the mare SEA Basma, who is particularly interesting as both the tail female line of her sire and dam trace to Yosreia, through Mohga. In 1987, Ibn Adaweya sired Mahrous out of the Bilal daughter Mashallah. In 1988 and 1989, he sired full siblings, the grey mare SEA Set El Hosn and the grey stallion, SEA Zain out of the Mourad daughter, Yosra. In 1992, he sired SEA Bousat Al Reeh, out of SEA El Hedia, who has a Bukra tail female line. In 1994 and 1999, Ibn Adaweya sired full siblings out of the *Tuhotmos grand-daughter, Yosra. The Hafeed Anter grand-daughter, Hacebah (out of the Ikhnatoon daughter, Samarkand) produced the filly, Manayer El Mousa, by Ibn Adaweya. The chestnut mare is Alf Leila Wa Leila and the stallion is SEA Al Fateh, also a chestnut. For the Rabab stud, when bred to the gorgeous mare Kout el Koloob, Ibn Adaweya sired full siblings: the grey mare Wegdan RB, the grey mare Afrah and the grey stallion, Yakout Rabab.
Adaweya produced her last foal in 1989, the stallion Fouad, by the Shaarawi son, Shamsan. I am not sure how many horses Fouad has sired. I know only of one, the bay mare Al Zebara Al Shaqab, out of the Gad Allah daughter, Tebrah. She in turn, was bred to the Russian-bred stallion, Borovik, to produce the race mare, Asrar Al Ourouba. While not a straight Egyptian, I found it interesting that even with bloodlines far outside the EAO, Adaweya, almost 40 years later still exerts her influence, for a family that is deeply influenced by the female side of the pedigree. Adaweya's family continues to be a family built on the strength of its daughters.
May the horse continue to inspire you,
PS Many thanks to my friend, Judi Parks for sharing her impressions of the beautiful Adaweya and her family, as well as for the use of her photos, taken during her last trip to the EAO in 1989. Without Judi's help, Looking for Adaweya would not have been possible. I must give her credit for all of her insight!